The Legal and Ethical Complications of Working with Minors in Schools

The school environment poses competing interests between a student’s need for confidentiality and the legal rights of parents, as established by the U.S. Supreme Court, to be the guiding voice in their children’s lives in value-laden issues. Participants will develop an ethical decision-making framework for analyzing and resolving ethical issues through the application of American School Counselor Association Ethical Standards, case and statutory law, school board rules and community standards. Through small-group and large-group discussion of 40 case studies, participants will be given the opportunity to increase their understanding of the complexities of respecting a minor’s right to confidentiality, to develop a sensitivity to the need to consider their actions in context of each situation for each individual student and to understand the rights of parents. Discussion topics will include areas such as confidentiality and duty to warn, minors’ rights to privacy, counselors’ responsibilities toward suicidal children, civil and criminal liability, sexually active minor clients, birth control, abortion counseling, defamation, child abuse, HIV-positive students, case notes and educational records, malpractice in academic advising, sexual harassment, the Hatch Amendment and guidance curriculum and personal conduct.
Carolyn Stone, Ed.D., is an associate professor and school counseling program leader, University of North Florida, and chair of ASCA’s Ethics Committee. She writes a regular column on legal and ethical issues for ASCA School Counselor magazine and is the author of numerous articles and books on school-counseling-related legal and ethical issues.


As the founder of Soleful Wellness and a 10-year police veteran, I have trained first responders, SWAT, and special forces…why not educators?

I am an FBI Certified Resilience trainer and am married to a school counselor. I see the constant stress she is under in her position caring for her students and other staff, but the last person I see her care for is herself.

I teach self-care through a holistic approach using 4 pillars of resilience (Physical, Mental, Social, and Core Values). Each pillar is paramount in allowing us to better combat trauma, stressors, and reduce chronic stress.
CEO / Owner | Soleful Wellness

I am originally from Cleveland, Ohio and currently live in the Phoenix area. I am a Tactical Strength and Conditioning Facilitator (NSCA) and an Arizona POST certified physical fitness instructor. I have been working with tactical athletes since 2017 to make them operational ready. I am a certified FBI National Academy Associate (FBINAA) instructor in resilience. My passion is to help people understand and incorporate the 4 pillars of resilience to better their lives.


This session seeks to educate about ethical expectations of school counselors regarding multicultural competence and advocacy. These ethical expectations will be defined, discussed, and examples provided of how these "show up" in the school setting. Resources will be provided as to how school counselors can stay educated and current on many multicultural issues and the ways that ethical interventions can be utilized for systemic change and support of all students. Finally, resources will be discussed as to what school counselors can do or where they can get support when they encounter barriers to multicultural advocacy within the system of education.
Ph.D Student-Counselor Education and Supervision- Teacher of Multicultural Counseling | Walden University

Michele Lynn was an elementary school counselor for 10 years. She spent many years advocating and teaching about multicultural competence and inequities in the system of education. She is currently finishing her Ph.D. in Counselor Education and Supervision through Walden University. Her passion is teaching and advocating about multicultural awareness, competence, and the ethical expectations of counselors regarding multicultural realms. She also speaks to barriers and challenges for school counselors within the education system.


Do you have a lot of ideas for lessons, activities, or projects but can't find the time to work on them? Join staff from ADE and other school counselors during this open collaboration time. ADE staff will be available to assist you with questions about anything and everything school counseling. Connect with your colleagues from around the state to share ideas and take advantage of uninterrupted work time.
Director of Postsecondary and Community Engagement | Arizona Department of Education

Andrea Glenn is ADE’s Director of Post-Secondary and Community Engagement, joining ADE in June 2020. Andrea has over 20 years’ experience in the field of education, twelve of them specially serving first generation college students.

Director of School Safety and Social Wellness | Arizona Department of Education

Michelle Cabanillas, LMSW graduated in 1999 from ASU with her Master of Social Work with a concentration in Policy, Administration, and Community Practice. She dedicated over twenty years to the service of students, families, and educators in Arizona as a School Social Worker. Michelle is currently the Co-Director of School Safety and Social Wellness at the Arizona Department of Education. She oversees programs that support safety, physical health, and mental health in schools.

Infusing Character and Social-Emotional Learning into the Daily Fabric of your School

If all we do is focus on end-of-the-year test scores, we are only giving kids half of what they need to be successful. Research shows that you don’t have to provide 60 minutes per day of SEL and character development to positively impact students. School counselors are leaders in advocating for systems change that is needed to impact the lives of students. This resource packed session will show an intentional way to take your school to the next level when it comes to climate & culture change, while also providing a way to strengthen MTSS for behavior in your school.
Director of School Supports and Outreach | CharacterStrong

Kat has passionately served as a student and educator advocate for over 20 years in the roles of coach, student council advisor, school counselor at the secondary level and financial aid counselor/coordinator of student employment and adjunct professor at the post-secondary level. Through Kat’s leadership, her school counseling department received both state and national recognition, including ASCA RAMP recognition in 2020. Kat was named the ASCA 2016 School Counselor of the Year.

Just be yourself, but who the heck is that? Using ego states for optimal performance

It’s pretty obvious to most of us that we have different aspects of our personalities that come out in different situations. We are different around our bosses than our kids. What if we can examine these different states, get to know them and call them at will to help us achieve more and optimize our performance?

Using ego state theory we can identify the working aspects of our personality, name them and learn how to bring forward our best self for the situation at hand. Practical, easy and effective techniques to help you be the best you you can be.
Speaker, Author, Coach

Kathy Gruver, PhD is an award-winning author, international speaker and ACC certified coach. She has presented around the world including 2 TEDx talks, written 8 books with 12 awards and is a frequent guest in print and on TV. She studied mind/body medicine at Harvard and earned her PhD in natural health. She cohosts the Fire and Earth Podcast and for fun and stress reduction does flying trapeze and plays Dungeons and Dragons.
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